WorldCrops - World Crops for the Northeastern United States

Jiló Solanum gilo

Picture of jilo

Jiló growing at UMass Research Station in ealy August (Photo by Maria Moreira)

Jiló (Solanum gilo) is in the Solanaceae family and resembles eggplant in growth habit. It turns orange-red when ripe. This plant is originally from Africa and was brought to Brazil with the slave trade. It is still grown in West Africa where in some countries it is known as "garden eggs".

There are two basic types of jiló found in Brazil. One is called comprido verde claro (translating to long, light green in English). The second type, called morro redondo (round in English), is mor bitter than comprido verde claro. The majority of Brazilians living in Massachusetts are from the state of Minas Gerias, where the comprido verde claro type is most popular.

Picture of redondo type

Jiló harvested at the UMass Research Farm on July 28. This variety is called comprido verde claro. (Photo by Maria Moreira)

Production
Grow jiló just as you would eggplant. The fruit is harvested immature, before turning orange or red. The Brazilian market will not except fruit that has turned red or orange. The fruit becomes more bitter as it matures.

For information on production and management of jilo, refer to the The New England Vegetable Management Guide and click on "eggplant".

Jilo - comprido verde claro

Jiló harvested at the UMass Research Farm on July 28. This variety is called morro redondo. (Photo by Maria Moreira)

Seed Sources
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds has a variety available called “Jilo Tingua Verde Claro” which is the most popular type of jiló among Brazilians in the United States.

Jilo at market in Rio

Jiló at a market in Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerias. A very large percentage of Brazilians living in Massachusetts are from Minas Gerais. Comprido verde claro is the type most popular in this state. (Photo by Frank Mangan)

Nutrional Information
The UMass Nutrition Team has developed recipes in English, Spanish and Portuguese developed by the UMass Nutrition Program using jiló

Nutrition Documents
Jiló and farm fresh vegetables
Jiló and farm fresh vegetables - Spanish
Jiló and farm fresh vegetables - Portuguese
Rede Globo Commercial







A collaborative project produced by: Rutgers Cooperative Extension, UMASS Extension, and Cornell Cooperative ExtensionSponsored in part by: RMA and Northeast Region SARE
WorldCrops - World Crops for the Northeastern United States